Orthopedic surgery is a surgical procedure performed by an experienced orthopedist or bone surgeon to treat musculoskeletal problems concerning the bones, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and joints caused by accidents, trauma, injury, or other chronic conditions. Orthopedic surgery can also correct problems in the nervous system that connect to the spine, congenital abnormalities, and musculoskeletal problems caused by aging. If you want to find out more about it, you can visit Orthopedic Surgeon Houston.
Patients are usually referred by a physician to an orthopedic specialist for treatment of accidents or injuries such as spine or limb damage, fractures, chronic arthritis, and more. An orthopedic specialist can treat very young patients, usually on congenital abnormalities such as scoliosis (bony arches) or abnormalities on the soles of the feet, a young athlete requiring arthroscopic surgery (knee surgery), up to an elderly patient with problems movement. Usually, anyone with bone, muscle, and connective tissue problems can look for an orthopedic physician to relieve the symptoms as well as proper care.
Orthopedic doctors perform three main tasks:
– Diagnose disorders and injuries through physical examination as well as tests such as X-ray, MRI (Imaging or magnetic resonance display), ultrasound, and blood tests
– Treat injury through treatment and/or surgery (performed by an orthopedic surgeon)
– Recommend regular physiotherapy or exercise to maximize and restore the strength, movement, and function of the treated area.
There are various types of orthopedic surgery performed by the surgeon each day. Some of the most common are as follows:
– Repair broken bones
Surgical measures performed to treat fractures on the ankle, legs, hips, ribs, arms, collarbones (almost on all bones); involves shedding through the repaired or restored bone, usually by using screws or splints.
– Corrective operation
Various actions are taken to correct errors and damage to specific parts of the body or spine to improve and optimize the movement; Common actions include joint surgery (connecting two parts to form one bone) and osteotomy (cutting and bone repositioning).